“Malaysia has one of the highest road fatality rates in the world. Studies have shown that 80 percent of road accidents stem from human error . This is a recurring issue that needs to be addressed,” Klaus Landhaeusser, General Manager, Automotive Sales and Original Equipment of Bosch Malaysia, said.
In Bosch’s home country, the team already embarked on the Urban research initiative to implement automated functionality for cars to predict the next course of action, as well as assist drivers take evasive action in the event of possible collisions; especially with pedestrians.
A prerequisite for automated driving functions is to have sensors that reliably monitor the vehicle’s surroundings. One component Bosch relies on for environment recognition is its stereo video camera, which can already be found in production vehicles. Mounted behind the windshield near the rear-view mirror, the camera monitors the area to the front of the test vehicle, and relays this information to a computer in the trunk. This computer analyzes the data more than ten times a second. But Bosch does not stop there. In other words, the Bosch technology not only detects the current position of pedestrians and cyclists, but also predicts where they will be in a second’s time. This presents new opportunities for pedestrian protection.
Based on this, the Bosch researchers have developed an assistance system that intervenes to prevent a collision with a pedestrian. At vehicle speeds up to 50 kilometers per hour, the system helps drivers brake and take evasive action. If braking alone is no longer enough to prevent a collision with a pedestrian who suddenly walks out in front of the car, the assistant instantaneously computes an evasive maneuver. As soon as drivers start using the steering wheel to take evasive action, the system kicks in to support the steering maneuver, via indicators in the instrument clusters or an LED display on the dashboard.
In addition, the Assistance system recognizes crossing pedestrians and brings the car to a stop before an accident can happen. The system for tight spaces goes even further. It maneuvers the car through tight spaces such as streets where cars are double parked. Using images from the stereo video camera, the computer calculates the path the car should travel. It then controls the electrical power steering and ensures that the car maneuvers through a tight space unscathed. The Bosch system also recognizes when a space is too tight to pass through, warning the driver or stopping the car in time before the exterior rear-view mirrors or fenders are damaged.
Since 2011, Bosch has focused on complete Automated driving solutions at two primary locations: Abstatt, in Germany, and Palo Alto in California. Bosch has successfully been driving a number of automated test vehicles in normal traffic on the German A81 and U.S. I280 freeways since the beginning of 2013. The initial development goal is to deliver the highway pilot. From 2020, it is expected that vehicles featuring this Bosch technology will be capable of high-ly automated freeway driving without the need for constant driver supervision.